1) Types of people-believers and disbelievers.
2) Characteristics of disbelievers.
3) The situation of disbelievers at the time of death, and in the grave.
4) The situation of disbelievers in Hellfire.
5) Warning against following the ways of disbelievers, and imitating them.
6) External imitation results in internal imitation (i.e. faith).
All praise is due to Allah. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his household and companions.
Fellow Muslims! Fear Allah as He should be feared and keep your duty to Him.
Indeed, Allaah made all of creation through His Power; He guides whomsoever He wills by His Grace, causes whomsoever He wills to go astray by His justice and writes all that is in Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz (The Preserved Tablet). He says: “He it is who created you, then some of you are disbelievers and some of you are believers.” (At-Taghaabun: 2).
Allaah shows us the way to prosperity and the way to misery. He extols the pious and condemns the unbelievers and warns against their characteristics. He explains in His Great Book the unbelievers’ deeds, the falsity of their belief and their bad conduct. The Kaafir denies resurrection, does not believe in predestination, is impatient in difficulty and loses hope in the mercy of Allaah. Allaah says: “Certainly, no one despairs of Allah’s mercy except the people who disbelieve.” (Yousuf: 87).
The Kaafir lies when he speaks and he is arrogant and self-deluded. Allaah says: “The disbelievers are in nothing but delusion.” (Al-Mulk: 20).
He turns away from signs of Allaah, lessons and admonitions. His heart is so full of envy that it shows itself in his eyes. He is envious of the Muslims because of their blessings and wishes that they could be taken away from them. Allaah says: “Neither those who disbelieve among the people of the scripture (Jews and Christians) nor the idolaters like that there should be sent down unto you any good from your Lord.” (Al-Baqarah: 105).
He is so shamelessly envious that he would strive to mislead you so that you will be assembled with him in the Hell-Fire.
Allaah says: “They wish that you reject faith as they have rejected (faith), and thus that you all become equal (like one another).” (An-Nisaa’: 89).
The Kaafir plots against the Muslims by night and betrays them in the day. Enmity towards you is vividly shown in his face and his utterances. He bites his fingertips in severe anger against the Muslims and his inner-self is full of evil plans against them. He pretends to be trustworthy and good mannered while he is actually pursuing his own interests. Allaah exposes them when he says: “Hatred has already appeared from their mouths but what their breasts conceal is far worse.” (Aal-Imran: 118).
They hide their lies and treachery in apparent truthfulness and sincerity, please you with words of their mouths while their hearts rejects you. They argue with falsehood and conceal the truth. Their evil plots against the Muslims are great; but Allaah will render their plan fruitless, for, “the plots of disbelievers are nothing but error.”
Fellow Muslims! Following the Kaafir is disgraceful while disobeying them is might. Allaah says: “O Prophet! Keep you duty to Allaah and obey not the disbelievers and the hypocrites (i.e. do not follow their advice).” (Al-Ahzaab: 1).
Their knowledge is limited to this world and yet Sheikhul Islam said, “All deeds and affairs of a disbeliever inevitably have a defect that prevents it from being completely beneficial to him. All his affairs are either false or defective.” As for the knowledge of the hereafter, the disbelievers are completely ignorant of it.
Allah says: “They know only the outside appearance of the life of the world (i.e. the matters of their livelihood, or irrigating, or reaping, or sowing, etc.) And they are heedless of the hereafter.” (Ar-Room: 7).
He also says, “…But most of them behave ignorantly” (Al-An’aam: 111).
Their children and wealth are but sources of distress for them. They live in confusion and their only concern in this world is eating, drinking and lustful enjoyment and their sustenance is devoid of Barakah (divine blessing). They are never satisfied with little. The Prophet said, “The Kaafir eats too much but the Muslim is satisfied with little food in order to be able to worship. He preserves a third of his stomach for his food, a third for his drink, and a third for his breath. A believer’s food is blessed.” He also said, “The food of two persons suffices three and the food of three suffices four.” (Al-Bukhaaree).
Brothers in faith! It is as a result of the Kaafir’s distance from the light of guidance that they have different sects and severely differs with one another in their opinions. Allaah says: “They are only in opposition. So Allaah will suffice you against them. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.” (Al-Baqarah: 137).
Allaah also says: “We have put enmity and hatred amongst them till the Day of Resurrection.” (Al-Maa’idah: 64).
Kaafirs are cowards in war and a Muslims can defeat them, though the odds are two to one. Allaah says, “So if there are of you a hundred steadfast persons, they shall overcome two hundred, and if there are a thousand of you, they shall overcome two thousand with the leave of Allaah.” (Al-Anfaal: 66).
They enjoin one another in miserliness and do not entertain guest. Allaah says: “Those who are miserly and enjoin miserliness on other men and hide what Allaah has bestowed upon them of His bounties. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a disgraceful torment.” (An-Nisaa’: 37).
The Kaafir is a preventer of good things, eater of ill-gotten wealth, ungrateful over bounties of Allaah. Allaah: “They recognise the Grace of Allaah, yet they deny it and most of them are disbelievers.” (An-Nahl: 83).
He lives in ignorance, lustful desires and errors; he is unguided to means of uprightness; his heart, ears and eyes are all blocked from perceiving the truth, and Satan pushes him to commit sins. His preoccupation and concern is to satisfy his lust and whims, his deeds then become useless in this world and the next. His Lord does not love Him and tells that He is an enemy of the disbeliever. Whoever does a good or bad deed, Allaah will make the sign his deed manifest on him, as the Prophet said: “Whenever Allaah hates a slave, He calls Jibreel and says, ‘O Jibreel! I, indeed, hate so-and-so therefore you must also hate him. Then Jibreel will hate him and proclaim to the inhabitants of the heaven that Allaah hates so-and-so, therefore they too should hate him, then the inhabitants of the heaven will hate him, and his hatred will then be spread among the inhabitants of the earth.” (Al-Bukhaaree & Muslim).
Lifeless objects decry Kaafir disbelief and the Blessed Land will eject them in the End of Time. Stones and trees will say, “O Muslim! Here is a Kaafir!”
When the Antichrist appears, Madinah will shake three times and the disbelievers will be expelled out of the Prophet’s city.
Fellow Muslims! Remoteness from Allaah causes psychological pain. Sins make one’s heart depressed and deny one of the pleasures of faith. The Kaafir is the worst of Allaah’s creatures. He says: “They are the worst of creatures.” (Al-Bayyinah: 6). As for their numbers, they are the majority of the inhabitants of the earth. Allaah says: “But most of mankind believe not.” (Hood: 17).
The Prophet said, ‘Allah said, “O Adam! Bring out the contingent of the hell-fire!” Adam said, “Who are the contingents of the hell-fire?” Allaah answered, “Of every thousand, nine hundred and ninety nine.” (Al-Bukhaaree) In another version, he says, “Of every hundred, ninety nine.”
When a Kaafir dies, the whole of humanity are relieved. The Prophet said, “When a believer dies, he gets rest from the mercy of Allaah from the toils and harms of this world, but when one of the unbelievers dies, mankind, the trees and animals are relieved.” (Al-Bukhaaree).
The Kaafir would wish to live for a thousand years but when the time of his death comes, he hates to die, and the angels smite his face and back to take his soul and when he is buried, his grave is narrowed so much that his ribs stick into one another. He will be beaten with an iron bar and he will make a cry so loud that all will hear it except man and the jinn. In a version of this Hadeeth, it was reported, “If that iron bar were struck against a rock, it would make it sand.” The Kaafir’s grave will be carpeted with fire and he will have a continuous torment. He will be resurrected for the reckoning with a blackened face. He will be dust-stained; covered with darkness and terrified. He will be raised up in front of all the creatures on his face. Anas bin Malik said, ‘I said, “O Messenger of Allaah! How will the Kaafir be raised up on his face?” He replied, “Is He Who made him, walk on his legs in the world not able to make him walk on his face on the Day of Resurrection?” (Al-Bukhaaree).
He will be in chains on that day and the sinners will be chained together while they are thirsty, dumb, deaf, and blind. Their friends shall discuss them and shall also disown their friends. Their food shall be of Zaqqoom and their drink shall be of boiling scalding water. Another boiling water shall be poured over their heads and it will peel the skin off their bodies. While he will be burning in fire, his body will be magnified and his molar tooth will be greatly enlarged. The Prophet said, “A Kaafir’s molar (in the fire) will be as big as Mount Uhud and the thickness of his body will be as wide as the journey of three (days).” (Muslim).
In another version of this hadeeth, he said, “…what is in-between the two shoulders of a kafir will be as far as the journey of three days for a fast rider. That is an exact recompense, and your Lord is not all unjust to His slaves. These are the characteristics of disbelievers and their well-deserved recompense.
Fellow Muslims! The Prophet said, “Hasten to do good deeds against impending trials that are like parts of seriously darkened night, when a man will be a believer in the morning and become a Kaafir in the evening and will a believer in the evening and become a Kaafir in the morning, bartering his religion for an insignificant worldly material.” (Ahmad).
Follow the path of the pious people and observe obligatory prayers in the mosques for whoever neglects it has joined a doomed group. The Prophet said, “The difference between us and them is Salaah. Whoever abandons it has disbelieved.” Allah says: “Not equal are the dwellers of the fire and the dwellers of Paradise. It is the dweller of Paradise that will be successful.” (Al-Hashr: 20).
Dear Muslims! Emulating a people in their outward dispositions necessitates emulating them in their inner characters. Emulating the first generation of this ummah who are the Sahaabah and at-Taabi’een increases one in intellect, religiosity and good conduct while emulating the non-Muslims in their outward characteristics leads to emulating them in their conducts and ugly deeds. It also makes one love them. Therefore differ from idolaters and disbelievers in their behaviour and opinions and beware of taking them as friends. You should hate them, disown them and their religion and be proud of your religion. Strive for their guidance and call them to Islaam.
Further, give much praise to your Lord for guiding you to the right path and ask for firmness in faith. Be truthful with Allaah, you will have your affair made easy for you and cast resentment and ill-will out of your heart and people will love you.